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Alabama State Symbols - State Mineral Hematite

Alabama's state mineral is hematite - the primary ore of iron. Hematite was heavily mined in Alabama from 1840 until 1975 when mining ceased in the state. During that time, approximately 375 million tons of hematite were mined in the state helping to make Birmingham an industrial center. Alabama designated hematite as the state mineral in 1967 while mining was still underway. This photo is from the State's web site and is of hematite mined in Alabama.

Alabama State Symbols - State Rock Marble

Alabama's state rock is marble. Talledega county has a 32 mile long, 1/2 mile wide, 600 feet deep vein of very white marble running through it. This marble is considered among the purest and whitest marble in the world. Known as the Alabama Marble Belt, it was discovered in 1814. Some 30 million tons of this white marble have been quarried since 1900. This photo is from the Alabama state geological website.

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